|Description||Nickle (?) plated circular medal with inverted Latin cross within open center; inner ring is serpent biting its own tail; cast around ring "PRO PETRI SEDE PIO IX P M A XV" ("Pius IX Pontifex Maximus 15th year"). reverse reads, "VICTORIA QVAE VINCIT MVNVN FIDES NOSTRA" ("The victory of our flock conquers the world with our faith"). "JOHN HAMILTON IRISH BRIGADE" engraved along outside edge; foliate swivel bar on top.|
|Dimensions||W-1.5 L-2 inches|
|Owned||John Hamilton (tentative)|
|Event||Battle of First Manassas / First Bull Run|
The Pope Pius IX medal was found at the battlefield of First Manassas. Probably presented to John Hamilton of the Irish Brigade (based upon inscription).
The medal is known as the Pro Petri Sede Medaglia (Medal for Gallantry; or literally, Medal for the Seat of Peter). It was issued by Pope Pius IX to each officer and enlisted man who fought in the Papal War of 1860 [to defend the Vatican against invasion by Sardenia]. See file for additional info.
found on battlefield
Battle of First Manassas / First Bull Run