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Object Record

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Object Name Revolver
Catalog Number 0985.13.00050
Date 1861-1862
Description LeMat Grapeshot Revolver, Army Model (First Model); English walnut checkered grips; .40 cal.; 9-shot cylinder; 7" half-octagonal, half-round barrel; 5 1/8" 16-guage (shotgun) under-barrel; right side mounted loading lever; spur-type trigger guard; lanyard ring fitted into butt frame; serial number "427" stamped right side of barrel near cylinder and beneath cylinder on frame; LeMat logo "LM" in oval stamped on right side of barrel beside serial number; inspector/proof/assembly mark "Z" on shotgun barrel and barrel receiving ring (two threaded parts); floral scrollwork engraved on triggerguard, frame and cylinder; engraved butt, backstrap, hammer, escutcheons and screw heads; bluing/mottling +/- 10% worn, including shotgun barrel, which has had bluing removed; inscription along top (octagonal) of barrel: printed "COL. LEMAT'S PATENT" and script "To General G.T. Beauregard, C.S.A."
Dimensions L-7 inches
Owned Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard [P. G. T. Beauregard]
Made LeMat
Provenance Confederate side arm used by General Beauregard during the Civil War.

This gun was presented to Beauregard by Dr. Jean Alexandre Le Mat, his cousin and the man who designed and patented the revolver in 1856. While stationed in New Orleans as a major in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Beauregard formed a partnership with Le Mat in 1859 to manufacture and promote the revolver. That same year a board of U.S. military and political figures—including General Winfield Scott and Beauregard himself—gave the gun high marks and recommended its use for "cavalry acting against Indians or when charging on a square of infantry," as it would give the cavalryman the ability to "pour 10 shots into their very faces … " Despite the good report, there is no evidence that the U.S. Army ever gave the pistol a formal trial.
People Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant (P. G. T.)
Subjects Engineering