Pattern: Army of Northern Virginia battle flag; fragment remaining; wool, cotton.
Stars: One remaining (of believed original 13); white cotton, 5-pointed.
Border: 1 1/2 inches white wool originally on 3 sides.
Unit Designation: None.
Battle Honors: None.
Stitching: Star is hand-stitched, rest of flag is machine-stitched.
|Dimensions||H-12 W-11.25 inches|
|Owned||William S. Long|
|Owner Regiment||44th North Carolina Infantry|
|Event||Battle of Gettysburg|
Fragment of the 44th North Carolina Infantry flag, carried by colorbearer, Pvt. William S. Long, from Fredericksburg, Virginia, December 1862, to Appomattox, Virginia, April 1865. Although it is not definitively known, it is believed that soldiers from the 44th North Carolina Infantry cut up their regimental battle flag and distributed the fragments amongst themselves, rather than surrender the flag.
(Note: this history may be erroneous, as conflicting histories of this flag have been told. See file for additional information.)
According to the donor, William S. Long carried the flag in more than forty of the engagements in which the regiment took part. Long was shot down three times under this flag (once seriously at Cold Harbor). It is said this flag was the only flag in the CSA Army to cross the wall at Gettysburg which was not captured.
"A piece of Confederate battle flag carried by William S. Long, color bearer for 44th North Carolina, who carried the flag in more than 40 of the engagements in which his regiment took part. He told his son that the standard was the only one in the Confederate Army that crossed the famous stone wall at Gettysburg and was not captured. William S. Long was with the regiment through the war, except when on wounded leave following severe wound at Cold Harbor, and for one brief interval when he was captured with the rest of his company at the South Anna River. He escapted by a ruse a few days later. The 44th North Carolina served with Gen. A. P. Hill's Corps and was with Stonewall Jackson until the latter was mortally wounded at Chancellorsville. Long enlisted as a private and by the end of the war was breveted a colonel." (accession ledger)
Long, William S. (2)
Battle of Gettysburg (tentative)
Surrender at Appomattox, Virginia, April 9, 1865