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Object Record

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Object Name SHOE
Catalog Number 0985.13.00500
Date 1861-1865
Description Single sabot shoe cut and carved from one piece of wood with pointed upturned toe. The heel is 3/4 of an inch high and is not a separate part. On the counter is a loop of leather attached with two nails to the rear. A leather strap of 17 to 18 inches is threaded through the loop and itself, to serve as a heel lace. On the outsole are rows of pegs, possibly for traction, one row on each edge and two towards the top, spaced about 1/2 inch apart. Possibly men's size 11.
Dimensions H-3.25 W-4.75 L-13.25 inches
Made unidentified slave (tentative), Bremo, Fluvanna County, Virginia, CSA
Provenance "A wooden shoe made during the war at Bremo, the estate of Genl. John Hartwell Cocke. He gave them to his negroes and to Confederate soldiers."

The shoe was made at "Bremo," the plantation of Gen. John Hartwell Cocke. Wooden shoes were made there for the servants. During the war he gave wooden shoes to Confederate soldiers. His sons, Gen. Philip St. George Cocke and Capt. Charles Cary Cocke, served in the Confederate Army. His two daughters were Lelia and Mary Cooke. Gen. John Hartwell Cocke had served during the War of 1812.

Supplies of leather in the south quickly dwindled as it was used to make thousands of cartridge boxes, belts, horse equipment such as saddles and harnesses, boots, holsters, and a myriad of other items. For shoes, cloth and wood often served as substitutes for leather.
People Cocke, John Hartwell
unidentified slave
unidentified African American
Subjects African Americans