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Object Record

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Object Name FLAG
Catalog Number 0985.10.00304
Description Pattern: N/A flag; cotton. Obverse: tree with snake; Liberty figure with shield; stars; cotton field with slaves; podium with book; steamboat; "Decbr 20th 1860". Liberty figure wears banner inscribed, "Fiat justitia ruat caelum" (Latin phrase meaning "Let justice be done though the heavens fall"). Arcing above Liberty's head is motto, "Mene Mene Tekel Upharsin" (Hebrew idiom meaning "Imminent doom or misfortune" and/or "the future is predetermined"). Podium is inscribed, "1860 Association Protectors of Southern Rights". Reverse: Motto, "Our Rights Are Just And Must Be Maintained At All Hazards / 1860 / Association / So. Ca." stenciled in black.
Stars: Fifteen total; fourteen silver 5-pointed; one gold 5-pointed.
Border: 2 inches red cotton on 3 sides.
Attachment: Grommets / Eyelets.
Unit Designation: None.
Battle Honors: None.



Material textile (cotton)
Dimensions H-97 W-105 inches
Provenance Secession era flag, believed from South Carolina. Unknown history. Probably made/used in December 1860 and/or January 1861.

Said to be "Flag of the Association of Survivors of Southern Rights"; source unknown.

Coiled rattlesnake around tree: Very popular Revolutionary War symbol resurrected in South Carolina and Georgia at time of secession.

December 20, 1860 was the date South Carolina seceded from the Union.

Possibly made/used in Charleston, as that city had a large and influential Jewish community.
Subjects Secession
States' rights