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Object Name Hat, Slouch
Catalog Number 0985.10.00099
Description Light brown wool felt slouch hat with 3 inch brim with one side cocked up and sewn to crown; damask cotton sweatband; no lining.
Material Fabric/Wool
Dimensions H-5.5 W-14 inches
Owned Edwin Calhoun
Owner Regiment 6th South Carolina Cavalry
Event Battle of Trevilian's Station
Provenance Hat with a bullet hole and bloodstain worn by Edwin Calhoun of Abbeville, South Carolina, when he was wounded during the cavalry battle at Trevillian's Station on June 12, 1864.

Calhoun was looking down into his cartridge box when struck by a bullet in his left temple, which lodged in the roof of his mouth. He was taken by train to Charlottesville, where he remained for about five weeks before receiving a furlough home in South Carolina; while in Charlottesville, he realized he was blind in his left eye. He remained at home until October 1864, when he traveled to Columbia to have the ball removed from his wound. A Dr. Chisholm performed the operation; Calhoun later narrated, "he did not wish to make a cavity in my mouth and tried to force the ball down my throat; but instead of going that way, it lodged in a cavity in my cheek. I returned home and after a time the ball worked back to the roof of my mouth. I went to Dr. Chisholm again, and this time he was forced to make the cavity in the roof of my mouth to get the ball out. The hole is there today. When I was shot, the ball passed through the brim of my hat, carrying a piece of wool with it. Unknown to me or to the doctors, this piece of wool remained in my wound, irritating it and keeping it from healing. The only wonder is that I did not have blood poison. Sometime after the bullet had been removed, the wool worked to the hole and I pulled it out with my finger." He survived the wound, but was pronounced unfit for further service. [Information and quotations from his postwar memoirs, "Some Reminiscences of a Confederate Soldier: Edwin Calhoun, Company C, 6th South Carolina Calvary, Confederate States of America."]
People Calhoun, Edwin
Search Terms Overland Campaign
Battle of Trevilian's Station
items pierced by bullets
Subjects Uniforms
Headgear
Hats
Wounded in war
Wounds & injuries