|Object Name||Coat, Frock|
|Description||Uniform frock coat: double breasted, 8 buttons set in each row set in pairs, cadet gray wool broadcloth with no facings or piping, dark green wool and silk lining in body, red and blue pinstriped white cotton sheeting lining in sleeves; embroidered gold general's insignia on a turn down collar, gold sleeve braid, Confederate staff buttons with backmarks: "EXTRA RICH/TREBLE GILT" and "C & J. W. / WARRANTED." Virginia state cuff buttons with backmark: "HORSTMANN BROS. / PHILA."|
|Owned||Robert E. Lee|
|Event||Surrender at Appomattox, Virginia, April 9, 1865|
|Provenance||Made from English cloth at the direction of Maj. J.B. Ferguson, General Robert E. Lee wore this frock coat to the surrender proceedings at Appomattox Courthouse. It was sent to Paris, France, and used in modeling the equestrian statue of Gen. Lee which stands on Monument Avenue in Richmond, Virginia at the head of Franklin Street; and also used by Edward V. Valentine as model for his recumbent statue of Lee in Lexington, Virginia. The full general's insignia on the collar differs from all known wartime images of Lee in uniform--which show him wearing the three stars of a Confederate colonel--but accounts of the surrender suggest that Lee wore a new and unusually ceremonial uniform for the occasion. A West Point graduate, Lee had risen to the rank of colonel in the U.S. Army months before the war. Refusing command of U.S. forces, Lee instead resigned and became commanding general of Virginia state forces. He was one of the original five full Confederate generals. After service in western Virginia, South Carolina and Georgia, and as military advisor to President Jefferson Davis, Lee succeeded to command of the Army of Northern Virginia in June 1862. In February 1865, he was named general in chief of Confederate armies.|
Lee, Robert E.
Ferguson, J. B.
Valentine, Edward V.
Monument - Robert E. Lee Recumbent, Lexington, VA, 1883
Monument - Robert E. Lee, Richmond, VA, 1890
Surrender at Appomattox, Virginia, April 9, 1865