Pattern: Red and white field; wool, silk applique. Central shield with battle honor and unit designation in gold paint. Conserved.
Border: 1 1/2 inches gold metallic fringe originally on 3 sides; 1 1/2 inches red wool sleeve on hoist edge.
Unit Designation: "C. L. I.," in gold paint.
Battle Honors: "SECESSIONVILLE" in gold paint.
|Material||textile (wool, silk)|
|Dimensions||H-23.5 W-28.5 inches|
|Owner Regiment||1st South Carolina Infantry battalion "Charleston Light Infantry"|
Flag of the 1st South Carolina Infantry battalion, "Charleston Light Infantry" (later the 27th South Carolina Infantry, "Charleston Light Infantry" (tentative) (formerly identified as "Carolina Light Infantry"). Presented to the unit in 1862 (not 1860 as originally believed) and carried until left in Charleston in July 1863. Carried at Secessionville, Battery Wagner, and Fort Sumter.
Currently identified as the 1st South Carolina Infantry battalion, "Charleston Light Infantry" (later part of the 27th South Carolina Infantry, "Charleston Light Infantry"). Formerly identified as the "Carolina Light Infantry". [The 1st SC Battalion was organized in April 1862, and the Charleston Light Infantry was one of its companies. It joined with another battalion in Septemebr 1863 to form the 27th South Carolina Infantry.]
Although the flag is listed as being presented in 1860, this is in error. The unit was not organized until April 1862. Flag was probably for entire battalion. It is patterned after the proposed "Sun of Glory" flag championed by the Charleston Mercury in April 1862. The flag was to have been two sets of red and white triangles with a shield in the center and within that center a yellow sun with thirteen rays (one for each CS state). The power of that paper was such that several units based on the Charleston area had them made up even when it turned out to have not be adopted by the CS Congress. Two others of this style survive of this issue.
Fort Wagner / Battery Wagner