Pattern: Army of Northern Virginia battle flag; wool, polished cotton.
Stars: Thirteen white polished cotton, 5-pointed.
Border: 2 inches white wool on 3 sides; 1 3/4 inches white canvas on hoist edge.
Unit Designation: "55th REGT." in yellow paint
Battle Honors: In black paint, "MECHANICSVILLE", "CEDAR MOUNTAIN.", "SHARPSBURG.", "FREDERICKSBURG.", "FAUQUIER SPRING.", "GAINES MILLS.", "SHEPHERDSTOWN.", "MANASSAS NO 2.", "FRAZIER'S FARM", "HARPER'S FERRY", "GROVETON.".
|Material||textile (wool, cotton)|
|Dimensions||H-46.5 W-48 inches|
|Owned||W. D. Mann|
|Owner Regiment||55th Virginia Infantry|
|Event||Battle of Williamsport / Hagerstown / Falling Waters|
Flag of the 55th Virginia Infantry. Captured at Falling Waters, Maryland, July 14, 1863 by the 7th Michigan Cavalry; possibly turned over to the U. S. War Department.
"A flag that had been sent to Gov. William Hodges Mann, the history of it is this: Battle flag of the 55th Virginia Infantry, captured together with the entire regiment, its colonel included, and two pieces of artillery by the 7th Michigan Cavalry at Falling Creek Waters, MD, July 14, 1863. Presented to Col. W. D. Mann, 7th Michigan Cavalry, by Hon. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War, Aug. 22, 1863." (accession ledger)
According to a newspaper article written at the 50th anniversary of Gettysburg in 1913, "Col. W. D. Mann of New York, who was in the Seventh Michigan at Gettysburg, spent the day trying to locate folks from whom he got the flag of the Fifty-fith Virginia. He got it himself at Hanover, in the fight between the cavalry commands as they neared Gettysburg. 'I tried to give it to the War Department,' said Col. Mann, 'but Stanton said they were not taking any more flags, and then I offered it to my regiment, but they for some reason did not take it. Now I'm hunting up the Fifty-fifth Virginia to hand it back to the people I took it from.' The Colonel found the Fifty-fith tonight, and it was arranged that he should return the flag tomorrow afternoon on Seminary Ridge to Gov. Mann of Virginia, with the survivors of the regiment about him." (New York Times, 7/2/1913)
Mann, William Hodges
Mann, W. D.
Stanton, Edwin McMasters
Battle of Williamsport / Hagerstown / Falling Waters