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Object Record

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Object Name FLAG
Catalog Number 0985.02.00164
Date ca. 1864
Description Pattern: Army of Tennessee flag variant; red cotton field covered with red wool, white polished cotton cross. Red wool shield in center with unit designation and the white star in it. Gray oil-painted crossed cannons in lower field of flag. Battle honors and unit designation in white paint on reverse.
Stars: Thirteen stars; 12 orange (red?) wool on cross arms, and 1 white silk in center; five-point stars. Sheet music used to shape stars visible through shattered silk portions.
Border: 1/2 inch red (faded to brown) silk binding on 4 sides; 2 1/4 inches white silk fringe on 3 sides.
Attachment: Believed sleeve.
Unit Designation: In white paint on reverse, "1ST, & 3RD FLORIDA".
Material textile (cotton, wool, silk)
Dimensions H-44 W-64 inches
Owner Regiment 1st & 3rd Florida Infantry, combined
Made probably Florida
Provenance Flag of the 1st & 3rd Florida Infantry, combined. Given to the unit in 1864, or early 1865 (if it replaced the unit flag destroyed at the Battle of Nashville). Carried by unit sometime after September 1864 (based upon battle honors).

There is some question as to whether this presentation-style flag was carried in battle or used only for ceremonial purposes late in the war. The unit's color bearer reported tearing up the regimental flag to prevent it being captured at the Battle of Nashville, Dec. 16, 1864. If so, then this later flag was not carried on the field as a battle flag in 1864. Alternatively, this may have been pressed into service in the closing weeks of the war. An account noted that on April 9, 1865, when all Florida regiments in the Army of Tennessee were reorganized into a single 1st Florida Regiment (consolidated), that the men voted to serve under the flag of the 1st & 3rd Florida (likely this flag). In the closing weeks of the Army of Tennessee's existence the troops assembled for several corps reviews and this flag may have been carried at these ceremonies.
Search Terms Surrender at Bennett Place, North Carolina, April 26, 1865
Carolinas Campaign