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Object Name FLAG
Catalog Number WD 195
Description Pattern: Army of Northern Virginia battle flag; wool, cotton. Crossed bayonets in white applique.
Stars: Twelve remaining (of original 13), white polished cotton, 5-pointed.
Border: Orange wool on 3 sides, white canvas on hoist edge.
Attachment: Eyelets. With flagstaff (a).
Unit Designation: None.
Battle Honors: White cotton appliqu├ęd, "COLD HARBOUR", "MECHANICSVILLE", and "FRAYSERS FARM".
Material textile (wool, cotton)
Dimensions H-46.5 W-47.5 inches
Owned Henry M. Fox
Owner Regiment 60th Virginia Infantry (tentative)
Event Third Battle of Winchester / Opequon
Provenance Flag of the 60th Virginia Infantry (tentative). Captured at the battle of Winchester, Virginia, September 19, 1864 by Sgt. Henry M. Fox, 5th Michigan Cavalry. Identification based on modern research.

"Confederate Battle Flag captured by Sergeant Henry M Fose[?] Co. M. Michigan Cavalry 1st Brigade 1st Division at Winchester, VA. September 19th 1864" (from "Record of Rebel Flags Captured by Union Troops After April 19, 1861", National Archives, RG 94)

The appliqued crossed bayonets are believed recommended by Gen. Field, approved by Gen. Robert E. Lee, and the order issued by Secretary of War George Wythe Randolph, in honor of the unit's gallantry at the Battle of Frayser's Farm (or Glendale) on June 30, 1862, during the Seven Days' Battles. The regiment of 522 men suffered 204 casualties during this campaign.

Union General George McCall described in his battle report, "It was here [at the Battle of Frayser's Farm] my fortune to witness one of the fiercest bayonet fights that perhaps ever occurred on this continent. Bayonet wounds, mortal or slight, were given and received...."

Before the captured flag was delivered to the U.S. War Department, a souvenir of the center star was removed by (or for) General George A. Custer, who intended to create a flag containing a star from each flag captured under his command.
People Fox, Henry M.
Lee, Robert E.
Randolph, George Wythe
Custer, George
Search Terms Third Battle of Winchester / Opequon
Shenandoah Valley Campaign, 1864
Battle of Glendale / Frayser's Farm / Frazier's Farm / Charles City Crossroads / Nelson's Farm / New Market Road / Riddell's Shop
Peninsula Campaign
Seven Days Battles
Subjects souvenirs