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Object Name FLAG
Catalog Number 0985.06.00122
Description Pattern: Maryland State Seal; yellow field; cotton. Oil-painted central seal on both sides depicting portrait of Liberty surrounded by a male and female figure. Latin motto in black paint: "Sanctvs Amor Libertatis Dat Anmvm". Unit designation. [May be portion of original whole.]
Stars: None.
Border: None.
Attachment: Sleeve.
Unit Designation: In black paint: "BALTIMORE INDEPENDENT COMPANY".
Battle Honors: None.
Material textile (cotton)
Dimensions H-19 W-25.5 inches
Owned George Steuart; Adelaide Pringle; Mark Pringle
Owner Regiment 1st Maryland Infantry (CSA)
Made believed Maryland
Provenance Flag of the 1st Maryland Infantry (CSA). A Revolutionary War or War of 1812 flag of the "Baltimore Independent Company". According to the donor, was used in the American Revolution by the Maryland Line, and was carried by Mark Pringle. Presented by his daughter, Adelaide Pringle, to Col. George Steuart, who commanded the 1st Maryland Infantry until March 1862.

"There is a question if any of the American Revolutionary flags are really of war vintage… There were so many independent companies from Baltimore they were designated 1st, 2nd and 3rd. In the second war with the British in 1812 there were also several Baltimore independent companies. This banner is possibly just the canton section of a flag that was presented to General Steuart by Adelaide Pringle, daughter of Mark Pringle. He was a cornetist in Captain N.R. Moore's Baltimore Horse Troop in 1781. During the War of 1812, a Mark W. or N. Pringle was a private in Captain D. Warfield's Company of Baltimore United Volunteers in 1814. Whatever the provenance of this ancient banner, it was proudly saluted by the young sons who were mustering under the state's black-and-gold colors to fight for the same freedoms for which their forefathers had fought." (Hartzler, p. 126-7).

"The young men of Baltimore associated under the title of the 'Baltimore Independent Company,' and elected [Mordecai] Gist captain. This was the first company raised in Maryland for the defence of popular liberty…. A few weeks afterwards, in response to the call, a band of patriots assembled within the limits of Baltimore, and organized as the 'Baltimore Independent Company.' It was the first Revolutionary corps organization in Maryland…." (Scharf, p. 264, 215)

Original letter, from Adelaide Pringle, Woodville, Rapp[ahannock] Co[unty], to Col. George H. Steuart, Centreville, Va. -- She writes, "Col., The accompanying Banner, a relic of our Revolution, was borne by my father, the late Mark Pringle, in that glorious struggle for our national independence. The last public exhibition was at the surrender of Yorktown. I desire that it may be once more unfurled in defence of our invaded rights - and to none can I with greater confidence entrust this sacred charge, than to the worthy and chivalrous sons of Maryland under your command. To you, and to them I now commit it, with the full assurance that it will eventually be carried back in triumph to our native State, where it was first thrown to the battle-breezes by our worthy sires. I humbly invoke for you and your noble comrades the sustaining Arm of that Almighty power, which alone can give victory to our righteous cause. Respectfully yours, Adelaide Pringle."
People Steuart, George Hume
Pringle, Adelaide
Pringle, Mark
Search Terms American Revolution (tentative)
Revolutionary War (tentative)
War of 1812 (tentative)
Subjects women