|Object Name||Coat, Frock|
|Description||Uniform frock coat: double breasted, 10 buttons in each row, cadet gray wool broadcloth with salmon (faded from red) merino facings, no piping, dark green wool and silk lining in the body, white polished cotton lining in sleeves; embroidered gold major's collar insignia edged in black, gold sleeve braid, Virginia state buttons with backmark:"SCOVILL MFG CO./ WATERBURY" and "SCOVILL & CO./EXTRA"|
|Owned||George Wythe Randolph|
|Owner Regiment||Richmond Howitzers Virginia Artillery|
|Event||Battle of Big Bethel / Bethel Church|
Frock coat of Brigadier General George Wythe Randolph, grandson of Thomas Jefferson. He was temporarily the Confederate Secretary of War.
He was commissioned a major in the Virginia militia and his Richmond Howitzers were placed under the command of John Bankhead Magruder. Quickly promoted to colonel, Randolph was chief of artillery with Magruder's Army of the Peninsula at the Battle of Big Bethel in York County and Hampton on June 10, 1861. Virginia's first full-scale battle of the war resulted in a Confederate victory and praise for Randolph, who went on to design the fortifications at Yorktown, anticipating Union general George B. McClellan's amphibious invasion of the peninsula the following spring. On February 12, 1862, Randolph was promoted to brigadier general and assigned to command the defenses at Suffolk. He was appointed the Confederacy's third secretary of war in March 1862, and helped to reform the War Department at a time when the Confederate capital at Richmond was threatened by Union general George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign (1862). Randolph helped to improve procurement and authored the Confederacy's first conscription law, having already done the same for Virginia. His independence and focus on the strategic importance of the West put him into conflict with Confederate president Jefferson Davis, and he resigned in November 1862, his health failing.
Randolph, George Wythe
Battle of Big Bethel / Bethel Church