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Object Record

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Object Name FLAG
Catalog Number 0985.06.00091
Date 1861
Description Pattern: Maryland State flag; yellow field; oil-painted Maryland state seal; cotton or wool. Motton painted beneath seal, "Crescite et Multiplicamini" (translation: "Increase and Multiply").
Stars: None.
Border: Yellow fringe on 3 sides.
Attachment: Eyelets.
Unit Designation: None.
Battle Honors: None.
Material textile (cotton and/or wool)
Dimensions H-69 W-115 inches
Owned Mrs. Augustus McLaughlin; Bradley T. Johnson
Owner Regiment 21st Virginia Infantry, Co. B, "Maryland Guards"
Provenance Flag of the 21st Virginia Infantry, Co. B, "Maryland Guards". Smuggled from Baltimore, Maryland, in 1861 by Mrs. Augustus McLaughlin and presented to the unit in a ceremony in Capitol Square, Richmond, Virginia. The unit disbanded in May 1862.

The flag's motto originates from the Bible, Genesis 9:1. This motto was incorporated into the state of Maryland's coat of arms beginning in 1777, and remained there until 1854, when it was replaced with the motto of the Calvert family "Fatti maschii parole femine" (loosely translated as "Manly deeds, womanly words").
People McLaughlin, Augustus, Mrs.
Johnson, Bradley Tyler
Search Terms Richmond, Virginia
items hidden from Union soldiers
Subjects women
civilians