|Description||Badge: Corps badge for the 12th ( later reorganized as the 20th ) Army Corps. Plated brass five-point star with inset jewel at each point (bottom two missing), gold eagle above old English "APAC" [probably "Army of the Potomac / Army of the Cumberland"] on stippled field in center; edges of arms engraved "Cedar Mt / Ringgold / Antietam / Dumfries / Mission Rdg / Lookout Mt / Wauhatchie / Gettysburg / Chancellorsville"; star supended from bar clasp (pin mising) engraved "Capt Moses Veale, A.C.M.".|
|Owned||Moses Veale; Lafayette Trellue|
22nd Tennessee Infantry, Co. A
12th (Consolidated) Tennessee Infantry, Co. C
109th Pennsylvania Infantry, Co. F
Confederate soldier Lafayette Trellue found the corps badge on the battlefield during the Atlanta campaign. The badge is marked "Captain Moses Veale, A. C. M." (this last abbreviation is believed to stand for "Assistant Commissary of Musters", which position he held under General John W. Geary).
Capt. Veale served during the American Civil War in the 109th Pennsylvania Infantry, Co. F. He was awarded a Medal of Honor in 1894 for extraordinary heroism on October 28, 1863, in action at Wauhatchie, Tennessee. (Note: This medal is NOT his medal of honor.) He was also the author of the poem "Taps".
"The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Captain (Infantry) Moses Veale, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism on 28 October 1863, while serving with Company F, 109th Pennsylvania Infantry, in action at Wauhatchie, Tennessee, manifesting throughout the engagement coolness, zeal, judgment, and courage. His horse was shot from under him and he was hit by four enemy bullets. Date of Issue: January 17, 1894"
Under Gen. Hooker in 1863, Army Corps adopted geometric shapes as identifying symbols for use on flags and hats. The shapes were color coded, red, white and blue for the 1st, 2nd and 3rd divisions of the corps. Geary commanded the second division of the 12th Corps and its successor, the 20th Corps. On September 20, 1863, Geary's staff presented him with a silver star-shaped badge symbolic of his "White Star Division" (currently in the collection of the State Museum of Pennsylvania, Harrisburg, PA); the badge is engraved with the names of the battles where the division fought.
found on battlefield
Battle of Cedar Mountain / Slaughter Mountain / Cedar Run
Battle of Ringgold Gap
Battle of Antietam / Sharpsburg
Battle of Missionary Ridge
Battle of Lookout Mountain
Battle of Wauhatchie
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Chancellorsville