|Description||1858 pattern Army officer's hat (also sometimes called a Hardee pattern hat) of wool felt, left side pinned with a black velvet oval shield with an embroidered eagle in gold thread. Gold and black thread acorn hat cords, black plume, black velvet oval with gold thread embroidered bugle on the front of the hat. Blue silk lining with a manufacturer's label (stamped in gold, "Horstmann Bros. & Allien / Importers and Dealers in / Military / & Fancy Goods / 8 Maiden Lane NY / SM Horstmann / WJ Horstmann / MB Allien", with a seal beneath it which says "Paris" at the top) still intact and a sweatband of blue leather.|
|Dimensions||H-6.25 W-10 L-13 inches|
|Owned||Francis S. Bartow|
|Made||Horstmann Bros. & Allien, New York City, New York, USA|
|Event||Battle of First Manassas / First Bull Run|
Hat worn by Francis S. Bartow of Savannah, Georgia, during the battle of First Manassas.
"When leaving Savannah for Virginia, he said, 'I go to Virginia to illustrate Georgia.' He fell in the first battle of Manassas. When brought home his mother [Theodosius Bartow] laid her head upon his bier and said: 'My son, I gave you to your country, and now I give you to your God.' " (1905 catalog)
Bartow had no military experience, but taught himself tactics. While learning his duties as commander of the 8th Georgia Infantry, the 44-year-old Bartow wrote his mother: "I sleep about five hours in the 24, and very seldom take off my clothes or even my shoes. My toilet is made in the morning by putting on my hat."
Bartow, Francis Stebbins
Bartow, Frances Lloyd Stebbins [Mrs. Theodosius]
Stebbins, Frances Lloyd
Battle of First Manassas / First Bull Run