|Description||Spear point blade on wooden shaft with iron collar, cross guard, and pin. Number "621" is stamped onto the iron collar.|
|Dimensions||W-4.5 L-80.5 Dia-0.875 inches|
|Owner Regiment||10th Virginia Infantry|
|Made||blacksmith Chauncey Hart of Unionville, Connecticut, USA|
|Event||John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry, 1859|
On the day after John Brown was captured, Lt. Robert Grattan took this pike from Harper's Ferry. Lt. Grattan was a member of the 10th Virginia Infantry. The serial number "621" indicates this was among the pikes produced for Brown by blacksmith Chauncey Hart of Unionville, Connecticut, in summer 1859.
In March 1858, Brown commissioned a Collinsville, Connecticut, metal maker named Charles Blair to forge 950 pikes. Blair subcontracted the work to Chauncey Hart of Unionville. With these, Brown intended to arm slaves unaccustomed to firearms in a bid to foment a region-wide revolt. As Brown told Frederick Douglass, "When I strike, the bees will begin to swarm."
John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry, 1859