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Name Payne, William Henry Fitzhugh
Born 1/27/1830
Birthplace Fauqier County, Virginia
Father Arthur Alexander Morson Payne
Mother Mary Conway Mason
Nationality United States of America
Education Virginia Military Institute
Notes http://www.vmi.edu/archives.aspx?id=5647:

VMI's Civil War Generals
William H. Payne, Class of 1849

VMI Civil War Generals top level

Biographical Information William H. Payne photo
Early Life
William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, born January 27, 1830, Fauquier Co., Virginia; Parents: Arthur Alexander Morson Payne and Mary Conway Mason Fitzhugh.
VMI record
Enrolled at VMI on August 12, 1846; he was a cadet for only one year; declared an honorary graduate by the Board of Visitors in 1873.
Marriage
In 1852, Mary Elizabeth Winston Payne (cousin); they had 10 children; a son Harry F., attended VMI as a member of the class of 1877.
Pre-Civil War
Studied law at the University of Virginia; began law practice in Warrenton, Virginia in 1851; Commonwealth's Attorney of Fauquier Co.
Civil War
Capt., Black Horse Cavalry; Major, 4th Virginia Cavalry; commanded regiment at Williamsburg, where he was severely wounded and captured; exchanged and returned to duty as Lt. Col., 2d North Carolina Cavalry; led 2d NC at Chancellorsville; captured during Stuart's Pennsylvania raid and imprisoned at Johnson's Island; exchanged and appointed Brigadier General November 1864; served in Valley under Early; during final operations around Richmond commanded brigade under Munford.
Post-war
Resumed law practice; general counsel for the Southern Railway Co.; died March 29, 1904 in Washington, DC.
Occupation Attorney
Role Military
Spouse Mary Elizabeth Winston Payne
Children 10 children

Associated Records

Typescript - 1997.019.00033

William Henry Fitzhugh Payne to "My dear General," November 1, 1902 Physical Appearance: November 1, 1902 - [William Henry Fitzhugh Payne] at "The Gloucester Flats," Washington, D. C., to "My Dear General" [Unidentified, Bradley Tyler Johnson?] - Continuation of letter dated October 4, 1902 (see TR-970325.2). Gives history of the Black Horse Troops and his Confederate service. (Typed signature) Wm. H. Payne. 3 pp.

Typescript - 1997.019.00032

William Henry Fitzhugh Payne to "My dear General," October 4, 1902 Physical Appearance: October 4, 1902 - [William Henry Fitzhugh Payne] at "The Gloucester Flats," Washington, D. C., to "My Dear General" [Unidentified, Bradley Tyler Johnson?] - Notes that General [Lunsford] Lomax gave him the letter and biographical to which he is responding. Explains why he does not use his second middle name "Fitzhugh." Gives a genealogy of the Payne family. Unsigned. 3 pp. "Copy" typed at top on page 1.

LETTER - 1986.048.00001-2

John Singleton Mosby to William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, April 6, 1896; John Singleton Mosby to Sir William MacKinnon, April 6, 1896 Physical Appearance: Photocopies of two letters from Mosby to Payne: .1) April 6, [1896] - Jno. [John] S[ingleton] Mosby at 728 Sutter St[reet], S[an] F[rancisco, California], to General [William Henry Fitzhugh Payne] - Sends a letter of introduction to Sir William MacKinnon, as Mosby has heard that Payne is going to London, England next month. Gives him some background information on MacKinnon. <Signed> Jno. S. Mosby. 1 page. .2) April 6, [18]96 - Jno. [John] S[ingleton] Mosby at San Francisco, [California], to Sir William MacKinnon, [London, England

Photocopy - 1986.048.00003

Fitzhugh Lee to Lord Wolseley, May 4, 1896 Physical Appearance: [May 4, 1896] - Photocopy, Fitzhugh Lee at Lynchburg, V[irgini]a, to Lord [Garnet Joseph] Wolseley, [London], England - Serves as a letter of introduction to [Brigadier] General W[illia]m H[enry Fitzhugh] Payne, "a close personal friend of mine." <Signed> Fitzhugh Lee. 4 pp. on 2 sheets.

NEWSPAPER - 1997.019.00023

"The News Leader," Richmond and Manchester, Virginia, March 29, 1904 Physical Appearance: Tuesday afternoon, March 29, 1904 - Complete issue of newspaper, "The News Leader," Richmond and Manchester, Virginia. Vol. X, no. 150. 10 pp. Main article of interest, "Gen. Payne Died To-Day," by the Associated Press on pp. 1 and 7. A photocopy of the article is availabe in a folder in the William H. F. Payne Box, Folder 16, [Range 6-5].

NEWSPAPER - 1997.019.00024

Supplement - "The News Leader," Richmond and Manchester, Virginia, January 28, 1909 Physical Appearance: Thursday Afternoon, January 28, 1909 - "Supplement - 'The News Leader,' [Richmond and Manchester, Virginia]. Three whole pages and part of the 1st column of the 4th page concern, "Brilliant Eulogy on General W. H. Payne From Good Old Rebels Who Don't Care / Cols. Thos. Smith and Leigh Robinson Make Notable Addresses === Old=Fashioned Talk With the Bark Off and Bite in it and Eloquence, Epigram, and Sarcasm Flashing Through It." Oversize pages.

REMINISCENCE - 1997.019.00025

Notes on the War and Men - in the Summer of 1865 Physical Appearance: [Summer, 1865] - Manuscript reminiscence by William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, "Notes on War & Men - In the Summer of 1865." - Payne comments on various topics: Negro soldiers, Negro emancipation, possibilities of preventing the war or having a quick war, general views on war, his slow rise to brigadier general, failure of Confederate Congress and Constitution, being a POW, and the following battles - First Manassas, Cedar Creek, Gettysburg, Chancellorsville, Yorktown, Seven Pines, and Vicksburg. He discourses on "what a liar history is," giving negative commentary on John Hunt Morgan. He discusses JEB Stuart, noting tha

Letter - 1997.019.00027

Joseph Bryan to William Henry Fitzhugh Payne, February 11, 1886 Physical Appearance: February 11, 1886 - Jos[eph] Bryan at New York[, New York], to My dear Gen[era]l [William Henry Fitzhugh] Payne - Encloses a book formerly belonging to Payne, found and purchased at a store in the city. Signed, "Jos. Bryan" 1 page, written on stationery, "Richmond and Danville Extension Company, 2 Wall Street, New York." A photocopy of the letter is also available in the folder. A photocopy of the inside front cover and title page of the book referenced, "Tactics for Officers of Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery, arranged and compiled by L. v. Buckholtz," Imprint: J. W. Randolph, 121 Main Street, Richm

Letter - 1997.019.00029

Virginia Politics. General Wm. H. Payne and the Democratic Nomination for Governor. Physical Appearance: [March 23, 1889] - "Virginia Politics. General Wm. H. Payne and the Democratic Nomination for Governor." > One column article from unidentified Warrenton, Virgnia newspaper, pushing for William H. F. Payne to run for Governor of Virginia on the Democratic ticket. No author by-line. Handwritten notes on clipping, "1889 / Warrenton, Virginia / Mar 23rd 1889." An enlarged photocopy of the article is in the folder. The original clipping is in an envelope. William H. F. Payne enclosed this clipping in a letter dated March 22, 1889 to his son Winston [MS-970325.4].

Letter - 1997.019.00030

Gen. Wm. H. Payne for Governor Physical Appearance: [1889] - "Gen. Wm. H. Payne for Governor" > A two column newsclipping from an unidentified newspaper. Consists of a letter to the Editor promoting William H[enry Fitzhugh] Payne as the candidate to save Virginia from [William] Mahone and the Republicans. The writer of the letter is unidentified. Handwritten at the top of the beginning column, "1889." An enlarged photocopy of the article is in the folder. The original clipping is in an envelope. William H. F. Payne enclosed this clipping in a letter dated March 22, 1889 to his son Winston [MS-970325.4].

REMINISCENCE - 1997.019.00037

Search For My Missing Husband Physical Appearance: [1910] - "Search For My Missing Husband," Mary P. Payne [Mrs. William Henry Fitzhugh Payne] - Typescript reminiscence of her trip from Danville to Williamsburg, via Warrenton and Alexandria, to find her husband, Major [at the time] Payne, who had been seriously wounded in the fighting near Williamsburg in May 1862. 4 pp.

REPORT - CML-WHFP.2

Report on the Battle of Kelly's Ford, March 20, 1863 Physical Appearance: March 20, 1863 - [Lieutenant Colonel William Henry Fitzhugh Payne] at Headquarters, 4th V[irgini]a Cavalry, to Capt[ain James D.] Ferguson, A[ssistant] A[djutant General] - Reports on the 4th Virginia's participation on the engagement at Kelly's Ford, near Kellysville, on March 17. Contains list of casualties. Unsigned. 4 legal-size pp. Written in pencil with numerous corrections.

NEWSPAPER - FIC2015.00119

Supplement - "The News Leader," Richmond and Manchester, Virginia, January 28, 1909 Physical Appearance: Thursday Afternoon, January 28, 1909 - "Supplement - 'The News Leader,' [Richmond and Manchester, Virginia]. Three whole pages and part of the 1st column of the 4th page concern, "Brilliant Eulogy on General W. H. Payne From Good Old Rebels Who Don't Care / Cols. Thos. Smith and Leigh Robinson Make Notable Addresses === Old=Fashioned Talk With the Bark Off and Bite in it and Eloquence, Epigram, and Sarcasm Flashing Through It." Oversize pages.

NEWSPAPER - FIC2015.00220

Supplement - "The News Leader," Richmond and Manchester, Virginia, January 28, 1909 Physical Appearance: Thursday Afternoon, January 28, 1909 - "Supplement - 'The News Leader,' [Richmond and Manchester, Virginia]. Three whole pages and part of the 1st column of the 4th page concern, "Brilliant Eulogy on General W. H. Payne From Good Old Rebels Who Don't Care / Cols. Thos. Smith and Leigh Robinson Make Notable Addresses === Old=Fashioned Talk With the Bark Off and Bite in it and Eloquence, Epigram, and Sarcasm Flashing Through It." Oversize pages.

Image of Painting - William H. Payne

Painting - William H. Payne

Oil on canvas portrait painting of General William Henry Fitzhugh Payne. Payne is shown in a 3/4 frontal pose. He is in uniform with his right hand on his hip, his left hand resting on a book on a table, and a sword hanging from his belt on the left side.

Image of BUTTON

BUTTON -

Two-piece brass Virginia Military Institute buttons with Virginia State Seal in the center and "CADET" above and "VMI" below; no backmark.

Image of BUTTON

BUTTON -

Two-piece brass Virginia Military Institute buttons with Virginia State Seal in the center and "CADET" above and "VMI" below; backmark "D. EVANS & CO. / ATTLEBORO."

Image of FLAG

FLAG -

Pattern: Virginia state flag, blue field; cotton. Oil-painted Virginia state seal and motto, "Virginia / Sic Semper Tyrannis", on both sides. Conserved. Stars: None. Border: 2 1/2 inches yellow silk fringe on 3 sides. Attachment: Sleeve. Unit Designation: None. Battle Honors: None.

Image of Carte-de-Visite - William Henry Fitzhugh Payne

Carte-de-Visite - William Henry Fitzhugh Payne

Carte de visite, mounted albumen print, man in uniform, posed from waist up, facing slightly 3/4 to the right, head turned to the left, looking past camera to the left, hair parted on side, "mutton chop" sideburns and moustache, double-breasted frock coat, buttoned, fourteen buttons visible 3 1/2 sets of two rows, standing collar with star and wreath collar insignia. handwritten on obverse, "Brig. Genl - Payne"; handwritten on reverse, "1st officer of the famous Black horse Cavalry" printed on reverse, "Selby & Dulaney 332 W. Baltimore Street, Baltimore, Maryland" Photo studio backmark reads: "SELBY & DULANY,/Booksellers and Stationers./332 W. Baltimore Street,/BALTIMORE." Written