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Name Ewell, Richard Stoddert
Notes Ewell commanded the Second Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia following the death of "Stonewall" Jackson in 1863. A graduate of West Point (class of 1840), Mexican War veteran, and career U.S. Army officer, Ewell was commissioned a brigadier general in the Confederate Army on June 17, 1861; Major General on Jan. 24, 1862; and Lt. General on May 23, 1863. He lost a leg at the battle of Second Manassas [or Groveton], Virginia, and replaced it with wooden prosthesis. He was removed from command after the battle of Spotsylvania, Virginia, in 1864. He ended the war as commander of the Department of Richmond and was captured at the battle of Sailor's Creek, Virginia, on April 6, 1865. After the war, he moved to Spring Hill, Tennesse where he died on January 25, 1872, subsequently buried in the Old City Cemetery in Nashville, Tennesse.

Associated Records

Letter - 1925.072.00003

Letter from Brigadier General Richard Brooke Garnett to Colonel Robert Hall Chilton, September 1, 1862 Physical Appearance: September 1, 1862 - R[ichard] B[rooke] G[arnett] at [location not given] to Col[onel] R[obert] H[all] C[hilton], A[ssistant] A[djutant] G[eneral] [to] Gen[era]l R[obert] E[dward] L[ee], Com[man]d[in]g - Gives a brief report on serious injuries to both Gen[era]l [Richard Stoddert] Ewell and Gen[era]l [Isaac Ridgeway] Trimble. Advises that Ewell has lost a leg. Notes the recent battle has cost him "several valuable witnesses." Signed "R. B. G." B[rigadier] G[eneral]. 1 page.

Letter - 1931.087.00001

Richard S. Ewell to Elizabeth McKay Brown, February 10, 1862 Physical Appearance: Letter from Richard Stoddert Ewell to his cousin "Lizinka" [Elizabeth McKay] Brown, February 10, 1862. Chatty letter about family and friends. Mentions news about Fort Henry and speculates about Fort Donelson and Nashville. Remarking on her desire to relocate, he reminds her that he knows both Grant and Sherman and would write a letter on her behalf. Refers to a favored staff officer. Signed "R. S. Ewell"

Letter - 1931.087.00002

Richard S. Ewell to Elizabeth McKay Brown, February 10, 1862 Physical Appearance: Letter from Richard Stoddert Ewell to his cousin "Lizinka" [Elizabeth McKay] Brown, March 5, 1862. Scolds his cousin for not writing more often. Expresses anxiety over her silence. Cautions several times that he cannot speak of army affairs but writes soothing words to alleviate any fears over the security of Richmond. Points out the advantages of living in a city versus the country in time of war. Signed "R. S. Ewell"

Letter - 1989.015.00033

Major General Thomas J. Jackson to Major General Richard S. Ewell, April 22, 1862 Physical Appearance: April 22, 1862, 5:50 A. M. - T[homas] J[onathan] Jackson at Conrad's Store, to Maj[or] Gen[era]l R[ichard] S[toddert] Ewell - Directs Ewell to move his troops, once the roads permit, to the intersection of Standardsville and Madison Court House roads. Advises there is no news. Signed, "T. J. Jackson"

Letter - CML-ARL.1e

Brigadier General Alexander Robert Lawton Papers Physical Appearance: Miscellaneous letters, orders, and telegram belonging to Brigadier General Alexander Robert Lawton: e) August 30, 1862 - R. W. B. Elliott at [location not given], to Gen[era]l [Alexander Robert] Lawton, Com[man]d[in]g Division -Note of apology for being absent from the division. Notes that Gen[eral Richard Stoddert] Ewell had his leg amputated the day before and is in critical condition. The letter reads in part: "I did not leave the field until my eyes were so full of blood and my head pained me so that it was useless for me to attempt to remain." Signed "R. W. B. Elliott" Written in pencil.

Orders, Military - CML-EWE.4a

Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell to Brigadier General George H. Steuart, September 13, 1863, 4:30 P.M. Physical Appearance: Orders to Brigadier General George H. Steuart on September 13, 1863: 4:30 P. M. [1630 hours] - Head Quarters 2d Corps - A[lexander] S[wift] Pendleton to Brig[adier] Gen[eral] Steuart, com[man]d[in]g Div[isio]n - Directs the general to post an infantry regiment, as well as a section of artillery, near or on the Rapidan River. [By order of Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell]. Signed "A. S. Pendleton" A[ssistant] A[djutant] G[eneral].

Orders, Military - CML-EWE.4b

Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell to Brigadier General George H. Steuart, September 13, 1863, 7:00 P.M. Physical Appearance: Orders to Brigadier General George H. Steuart on September 13, 1863: 7:00 P. M. [1900 hours] - Head Quarters 2d Corps - A[lexander] S[wift] Pendleton to Brig[adier] Gen[eral] Geo[rge] H. Steuart, Com[man]d[in]g Div[isio]n - Directs the general be ready to move against the enemy in the morning, with the men having packed one day's cooked rations. [By order of Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell] Signed "A. S. Pendleton" L[ieutenan]t Col[onel], A[ssistant] A[djutant] G[eneral].

Orders, Military - CML-EWE.3

Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell to Brigadier General George H. Steuart, September 13, 1863 Physical Appearance: September 13, 1863 - H[ea]d Quarters 2d Army Corps - Tho[ma]s Turner, to Brig[adier] Gen[eral] Geo[rge] [H.] Steuart - Notes that the enemey is crossing the Rappahannock River in heavy force at several fords. States that General Lee wishes him to be ready to "answer" them if necessary. By orders of L[ieutenan]t Gen[eral] Ewell. Signed "Thos. Turner" A[id] [D]e C[amp].

Orders, Military - CML-EWE.4c

Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell to Brigadier General George H. Steuart, September 13, 1863, 9:30 P.M. Physical Appearance: Orders to Brigadier General George H. Steuart on September 13, 1863: 9:30 P. M. [2130 hours] - H[ea]d Q[uarte]rs 2d Corps - A[lexander] S[wift] Pendleton to [Brigadier] Gen[eral] [George H.] Steuart - Directs the general to move his troops at daylight and to give Col[onel] [John Thompson] Brown notice when the infantry has withdrawn from Liberty Mills. [By order of Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell] Signed "A. S. Pendleton" A[ssistant] A[djutant] G[eneral].

Orders, Military - CML-EWE.5a

Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell to Brigadier General George H. Steuart, September 14, 1863 Physical Appearance: Orders to Brigadier General George H. Steuart, September 14, 1863: H[ea]d Q[uarte]rs 2nd Corps - A[lexander] S[wift] Pendleton to [Brigadier] Gen[eral] [George H.] Steuart - Directs the general to halt and get his men "well sheltered" in the woods about 1.5 miles from Orange C[ourt] H[ouse] [Virginia]. [By order of Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell] Signed "A. S. Pendleton" A[ssistant] A[djutant] G[eneral]. Written in pencil on a scrap of paper.

Orders, Military - CML-EWE.5b

Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell to Brigadier General George H. Steuart, September 15, 1863 Physical Appearance: Orders to Brigadier General George H. Steuart, September 15, 1863: Head Quarters 2nd A[rmy] Corps - A[lexander] S[wift] Pendleton to Brig[adier] Gen[eral] [George H.] Steuart - Directs the general to have his men set up a "comfortable" camp in the woods at their present position. Urges him to have them repair any fences previously damaged. [By order of Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell] Signed "A. S. Pendleton" L[ieutenan]t Col[onel], A[ssistant] A[djutant] G[eneral]. .

Letter - CML-EWE.7

Lieutenant Colonel Walter H. Taylor to Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell, February 18, 1864 Physical Appearance: February 18, 1864 - H[ea]d Q[uarte]rs Army of Northern V[irgini]a - W[alter] H[erron] Taylor to Lieut[enant] Gen[era]l R[ichard] S[toddert] Ewell, Com[man]d[in]g Corps - Acknowledges receipt of Ewell's letter dated the 16th. Sends General Lee's advisement to assign disabled men as teamsters to relieve able-bodied men. Signed "W. H. Taylor" A[ssistant] A[djutant] Gen[era]l. <<On reverse>> February 18, 1864 - R[ichard] S[toddert] E[well] to [Brigadier] Gen[era]l G[eorge] H. Steuart - Requesting names of his men unfit for infantry service and might be transferred to teams

Orders, Military - CML-EWE.8

Special Order: Head Quarters Department of Richmond, October 20, 1864 and Reply by G.W. Latham, November 24, 1864 Physical Appearance: October 20, 1864 - Head Quarters Department of Richmond [Virginia] - Special Order} Grants the below listed paroled POW a furlough of 40 days: Private George A. Preston, Signal Corps. By order of Lieut[enant] General Ewell. (Signed) T. O. Chestney, A[ssistant] A[djutant] General. >>Written reply at the bottom: November 24, 1864 - H[ea]d Q[uarte]rs 1st Sub Mil[itary] Dist[rict], Lynchburg, V[irgini]a - Certifies that the above is true / correct copy of the original. Signed "G. W. Latham" [Captain &] A[ssistant] A[djutant] Gen[eral].

Letter - CML-GHS.9

Brigadier General George H. Steuart to [Major General Edward Johnson], June 16, 1863 Physical Appearance: June 16, 1863 - Geo[rge] H[ume] Steuart, at H[ea]d Q[uarte]rs Steuart's Brigade, Johnson's Division, 2nd Corps Army [of] N[orthern] V[irgini]a, to Sir [Major General Edward Johnson] - Requests permission to purchase a small horse captured from the enemy. States the horse is too small to pull artillery or wagons. Signed, "Geo. H. Steuart" Brig[adier] Gen[era]l. <<<On reverse>> 2 Endorsements: 1) June 16, 1863 - H[ea]d Q[uarte]rs Johnson's Div[ision] - Forwarded, approved. Notes that Steuart already 2 horses but needs another. Signed, "Ed Johnson" Maj[or] Gen[era]l. 2) June 18, 1863

Pass - CML-JFG.2a-i

Passes & Telegram Issued to Major General and/or Mrs. Jeremey F. Gilmer, 1863-1865 Physical Appearance: Passes granted to Major General Jeremy Francis Gilmer and/or his wife during 1863-1865: CML-JFG.2a. October 5, 1863 - Head Quarters, Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida, Charleston, S[outh] C[arolina] - Permits Mrs. [Jeremy Francis] Gilmer to pass through Charleston via the North Eastern railroads. By command of General Beauregard. Signed "Thomas Jordan" Col[onel]. 1 page. CML-JFG.2b. October 6, 1863 - Confederate States War Department, Richmond, V[irgini]a - Pass granting Mrs. J[eremy] F[rancis] Gilmer, Mrs. A. R. Lawton, and white servant girl permission

Letter - CML-MSC.49a-p

War Record of Brigadier General Richard Montgomery Gano Physical Appearance: Photocopies and typescripts of documents (military record, letters about promotion, correspondences) concerning Brigadier General Richard Montgomery Gano: CML-MSC.49a. Compiled Service Record (2 pp.) CML-MSC.49b. December 28, 1861 - Letter from R[ichard] M[ontgomery] Gano at Austin, Texas, to General Hebert - Reintroduces himself and makes a brief recommendation for his friend McDonnell from the Grimes Company. "Signed" R. M. Gano. A typed transcript is also available. (2 pp.) CML-MSC.49c. November 6, 1862 - R[ichard] M[ontgomery] Gano, at Gallatin, Tenn., to Gen[eral] Breckinridge - Requests an 8

Letter - CML-TJJ.41

Endorsement on Letter of Relating to Mode of Transmission of Orders Forwarded by Lieutenant General Jackson, March 16, 1863 Physical Appearance: Endorsement, dated March 20, 1863 - H[ea]d Q[uarte]rs [Army of Northern Virginia] - "Respectfully submitted to the Adj[utan]t & I[nspector] Gen[era]l for decision" - Lee states his opinion that his staff officers may properly transmit his orders without Lee himself sending the orders directly to corps commanders. (Signed) R. E. Lee, General. 2 pp. >>> 2nd Endorsement: June 3, 1863 - "The opinion of Gen[era]l Lee approved. By order of Sec[retar]y of War." (Signed) J. A. Campbell, A[ssistant] S[ecretary of] W[ar]. "Official" Signed, "R. H. Chi

Photocopy - CML-TML.13

Brigadier General Thomas Muldrup Logan: Letters and Pay Voucher Physical Appearance: Photocopies of wartime letters, pay voucher, telegram, and special order pertaining to Brigadier General Thomas Muldrup Logan: June 28, 1864 - Letter from M[artin] W[itherspoon] Gary, at H[ea]d Q[uar]t[e]rs, Gary's Cavalry Brigade, to Gen[era]l S[amuel] Cooper, A[djutant] & I[nspector] Gen[era]l, Richmond, V[irgini]a - Requests that L[ieutenan]t Col[onel] T[homas] M[uldrup] Logan of the Hampton Legion be promoted to Colonel. Mentions that he is an "officer of superior ability" and now absent due to a wound received at Riddle's Shop. Notes a commission should date from May 16-19, 1864. {Signed, M. W.

Photocopy - CML-TML.15

Brigadier General Thomas Muldrup Logan: Letters and Pay Voucher Physical Appearance: Photocopies of wartime letters, pay voucher, telegram, and special order pertaining to Brigadier General Thomas Muldrup Logan: December 24, 1864 - Letter from R[ichard] S[toddert] Ewell at Head Q[uarte]rs, Dep[artmen]t of Richmond, to Gen[era]l S[amuel] Cooper, A[djutant] & I[nspector] Gen[era]l, [Richmond, Virginia] - Encloses a recommendation from L[ieutenan]t Gen[era]l [James] Longstreet for promotion of Colonel T[homas] M[uldrup] Logan to Brigadier General. Concurs with the recommendation. (Signed), R. S. Ewell, L[ieutenan]t Gen[era]l. {Official 'copy', Signed, T. O. Chestney, A[ssistant] A[djut

Letter - JEBS-15

"J. E. B. Stuart to Gen. [R. S. Ewell?], March 25, 1862" Physical Appearance: The letter is an official copy of the one sent from Stuart to Gen. Richard S. Ewell (?), dated March 25, 1862. Stuart explains why Col. John Withers retained several Negroes after their period of hire was through.