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Name Davis, Jefferson
Born 6/3/1808
Birthplace Christian County, Kentucky
Places of residence His family settled in southwestern Mississippi in 1811.
Education In 1821 Davis entered Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky.
From 1824 to 1828 Davis attended the United States Military Academy at West Point
Notes After graduating West Point, he received a commission as 2d lieutenant in the U.S. Army. Following his participation in the final action of the Black Hawk war, he was promoted to 1st lieutenant. Davis retired from the military in 1835 to marry and assume the life of a cotton planter; however, his wife died within a few months. In 1845 Davis remarried and was also elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. Davis resigned from the House in 1846 to serve as colonel of the volunteer "Mississippi Rifles" in the Mexican War. Following the war Davis served in the U.S. Senate, and in 1853 he was appointed Secretary of War by President Franklin Pierce. On February 8, 1861 Davis was elected provisional president of the Confederate States of America. Davis and his family arrived in Richmond, Virginia on May 29, 1861, and after his election as president in November of 1861 he was formally inaugurated February 22, 1862. On April 2, 1865 Davis evacuated Richmond and was captured in Georgia on May 10.
From 1865 to 1867 he was imprisoned at Fort Monroe in Hampton, Virginia, and after his release in 1868 he traveled to England and France. After the war he worked in life insurance and wrote "The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government".

Associated Records

Letter - 1914.001.00027

Letter from Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard to Maj. Gen. Samuel Jones, September 25, 1864 Physical Appearance: The letter is from Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard to Jones, dated September 25, 1864. Beauregard informs Jones that President Davis has ordered Beauregard to Charleston in order to reconcile differences between Jones and Brig. Gen. Ripley and to inspect the defenses. 2 pp on 1 legal sheet. <<On reverse>> "Charleston So. Ca. September 25th, 1864. G. T. Beauregard, General."

Letter, Recommendation - 1922.091.00001

Letter of Recommendation of Brigadier General Bushrod Johnson by James A. Seddon to Jefferson Davis, May 21, 1864 Physical Appearance: Letter recommending Brigadier General Bushrod Rust Johnson for promotion to Major General, in May 1864: .1) May 21, 1864 - [Header, written] Confederate States of America, War Department, Richmond, [Virginia] - James A. Seddon, Secretary of War, to "His Excellency, Jefferson Davis, President &c." - Recommends Johnson for rank of Major General in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States, to rank from same date, and then be assigned to duty under General [Pierre Gustave Toutant] Beauregard. Signed "James A. Seddon," Secretary of War. 1 page. Note

Letter, Recommendation - 1922.091.00002

Letter of Recommendation for Brigadier General Bushrod Johnson by Jefferson Davis to Confederate Senate, May 23,1864 Physical Appearance: One of two letters recommending Brigadier General Bushrod Rust Johnson for promotion to Major General, in May 1864: . May 23, 1864 - [Header, written] Confederate States of America, Executive Department, Richmond, [Virginia] - Jefferson Davis to "the Senate of the Confederate States" - Approves of and encloses Secretary of War James A. Seddon's recommendation of Brigadier General Bushrod Rust Johnson for promotion to Major General, P. A. C. S. Signed "Jefferson Davis" 1 page. Several pieces of repair tape have been placed on the reverse.

Letter - CML-BRG.2

Letter: Braxton Bragg to Jefferson Davis, October 13, 1861 Physical Appearance: October 13, 1861 - Braxton Bragg near Barancas, Florida, to "My dear Sir" [Jefferson Davis] - Gives the President his take on recent action at Santa Rosa Island. States that he is sending General Rugglest to New Orleans, where he is much needed. Comments on General Withers at Mobile and Brigadier [General] Anderson at New Orleans. Has high recommendations for Major [George] Garner and Lieut[enant] J[ames] E. Slaughter. Signed "Braxton Bragg."

Letter - CML-BRG.3

Letter: Braxton Bragg to Jefferson Davis, October 22, 1861 Physical Appearance: October 22, 1861 - Braxton Bragg in camp near Barancas, Florida, to "My dear Sir" [Jefferson Davis] - Concerns condition of defences of the harbor, especially Mobile, and General Withers' shortcomings. Complains about the Quartermaster's Dept. in New Orleans and Florida. Notes lack of forage for cavalry and artillery. At the end, he mentions that he has reduced the "meat ration and given in lieu, molasses - The troops are delighted with the change." Signed "B.B."

Letter - CML-JEJ.13

General Joseph E. Johnston to Colonel [-------], June 27, 1864 Physical Appearance: June 27, 1864 - J[oseph] E[ggleston] J[ohnston] near Marietta, [Georgia], to Colonel [unidentified] - Encloses copies of two telegrams that he has received. Instructs him to give the telegrams to Gen[era]l Wigfall and suggest that "the troops threatening Mississippi must have come from Louisiana & Gen[era]l Kirby Smith has no enemy in his department that he be directed to help Major Gen[era]l S[tephen] D. Lee. Notes unusual amount activity around Marietta this day - two small attacks on Hardee, several skirmishes, and cannonading. Signed "J. E. J" A green label is attached to the bottom and reads, "

Letter - CML-JEJ.3

Secretary of War Judah P. Benjamin to General Joseph E. Johnston, December 27, 1861 Physical Appearance: December 27, 1861 - [Header] Confederate States of America, War Department, Richmond, [Virginia] - letter from Judah P. Benjamin to General J[oseph] E[ggleston] Johnston, Comm[andin]g Dep[artment of] North[ern] V[irgini]a - As requested by the President, Benjamin replies to a letter, written by Major [William Henry Chase] Whiting, forwarded by General Joseph E. Johnston, to Davis. Benjamin explictly notes Davis' displeasure with said letter. "The President does not desire to force on Brig[adier] Gen[era]l Whiting the command of the Brigade which had been assigned to him, . . . and you

Paper, Copy - CML-JFG.1a-g

Papers of Major General Jeremy F. Gilmer, 1865 and 1880 Physical Appearance: Photocopies of telegrams, letters. and orders belonging to Major General Jeremy Francis Gilmer, Chief of Bureau of Engineers: CML-JFG.1a. December 11, 1864 - Receipt from W[illia]m M. Baggett to [Major] General [Jeremy Francis] Gilmer for food items - lard, bacon, flour, meal, pears, potatoes, chicken, salt, sugar, brandy - and candles. Payment amount received, $1,363.60. Signed by Wm. M. Baggett. 1 page. CML-JFG.1b. 4 copies of cipher telegrams. February 19, 1865 - Copy of cipher telegram from Jefferson Davis, Richmond, V[irgini]a, to Gen[era]l Robert E[dward] Lee, Petersburg, V[irgini]a - Recommends

Letter - CML-MSC.49a-p

War Record of Brigadier General Richard Montgomery Gano Physical Appearance: Photocopies and typescripts of documents (military record, letters about promotion, correspondences) concerning Brigadier General Richard Montgomery Gano: CML-MSC.49a. Compiled Service Record (2 pp.) CML-MSC.49b. December 28, 1861 - Letter from R[ichard] M[ontgomery] Gano at Austin, Texas, to General Hebert - Reintroduces himself and makes a brief recommendation for his friend McDonnell from the Grimes Company. "Signed" R. M. Gano. A typed transcript is also available. (2 pp.) CML-MSC.49c. November 6, 1862 - R[ichard] M[ontgomery] Gano, at Gallatin, Tenn., to Gen[eral] Breckinridge - Requests an 8

Photocopy - CML-TML.16

Brigadier General Thomas Muldrup Logan: Letters and Pay Voucher Physical Appearance: Photocopies of wartime letters, pay voucher, telegram, and special order pertaining to Brigadier General Thomas Muldrup Logan: Photocopy of December 31, 1864 - M[atthew] C[albraith] Butler at Head Quarters Butler's Cavalry Division, to Gen[era]l S[amuel] Cooper, Adj[utan]t & I[nspector] Gen[era]l, [Richmond, Virginia] - Recommends Colonel Thomas Muldrup Logan for promotion to Brigadier General to fill the vacancy in his old brigade "occasioned by my promotion." Notes that Colonel Aiken of the 6th South Carolina has the most seniority but he was severely wounded at Trevillian's Station back in June and

Report - FIC2017.00625

Report: "Report of the Relic Committee of the H.M.A." January 19, 1895 Report notes a delay in opening the Jefferson Davis Mansion. Lists the following donations: A plaster cast of Jefferson Davis and "a wreath of evergreen leaves with the stars & bars" from Col. Bill [Bigger?]; a plaster bust of the Statue of the Soldiers and Sailors monument; the library mantle formally in the mansion donated by the Lee Camp Soldiers' Home; "a very handsome quilt, made for Pres. Davis & much prized by him" from Mrs. Davis. Report records the death of Mrs. C.C. Baughman. Report observes that because a relic committee has been formed by the C.M.L.S. the relic committee of the Hollywood Memorial Association

Letter - FIC2017.00627a

Letter: Thomas A. Brander to A. Bargamin, May 30, 1893 Regarding "deliver[y] to the Trustees of the Valentine Museum all floral designs in President Davis' Section for the purpose of keeping and preserving them to be turned over to the Confederate Museum of Antiquities." Endorsed and signed by A. Bargamin, President of Hollywood Cemetery Company.

print - FIC2017.02671

Print of composite of "Confederate Veterans" Physical Appearance: 2 pieces

Image of Pass - FIC2017.03000

Pass - FIC2017.03000

Pass - for Henry (slave), signed by Jefferson Davis, November 10, 1863 "Pass Henry to apothecary's store and back to Presdts House - Jeffn Davis Nov. 10. 1863"

Image of Agreement - FIC2017.03001

Agreement - FIC2017.03001

Agreement: Slave hiring agreement for Fannie, by Varina Davis for Jefferson Davis, with Thomas Binford, January 1, 1865 "$400 / On th 1st Jany. next, we bind ourselves / our heirs, to pay Thomas Binford, his heirs / or assigns four hundred dollars for the hire / of a negro woman Fannie / payable quarterly, for the present year. / Said negro woman to be returned at Christmas / next Will clothes and blanket. Witness our / hands and seals this 1st day of Jany 1865 / V Davis for / Jeffn Davis / Seal / Seal" On reverse: "March 1st 1865 Recd / the 1st quarter of the / within / Thos Binford"

Letter - JEBS-2

"J. E. B. Stuart to [Alexander Stuart Brown], June 3, 1850" Physical Appearance: The letter (autographed, signed) is from J. E. B. Stuart to his cousin Alexander Stuart Brown, dated June 3, 1850. Stuart documents his trip to Charlottesville, Virginia, where he visited the University of Virginia and Monticello. Stuart also gives his impressions of various members of the U. S. Senate as they appeared in session (including Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, Jefferson Davis, Sam Houston, and Henry Foote). (See Mitchell, "Letters of J. E. B. Stuart," 13-16.


"Robert E. Lee to President Jefferson Davis, August 9, 1864" Physical Appearance: The telegram (autographed note signed) is from Lee to President Jefferson Davis, dated August 9, 1864. Lee dispels rumors of Gen. McCausland's defeat and requests someone to be sent to relieve Gen. Ransom. (See "Official Records," XLIII, pt. 1, 990.)

Envelope - REL-383

Robert E. Lee to His Excellency Jefferson Davis, [n. d.] Physical Appearance: The undated envelope (only) is from Gen. Lee to President Davis. Lee's signature serves in the place of a stamp.

Letter - REL-42

Robert E. Lee to Maj. Gen. Daniel Harvey Hill, July 23, 1862 Physical Appearance: Lee sent this brief letter (autographed, signed) to Maj. Gen. Daniel Harvey Hill, dated July 23, 1862. Lee explains that he has submitted Hill's cartel for the exchange of prisoners to President Davis. (See "Official Records," Ser. II, IV, 266-268 for Hill's cartel.)

LETTER - REL-66a-b

General Robert E. Lee to President Jefferson Davis, May 3, 1863 a. A photostat print of the original lettter, dated May 3, 1863 and signed by Robert E. Lee. Lee describes to President Davis the successful flank attack at the Battle of Chancellorsville led by Gen. Jackson the day before. Lee also informs Davis of the wounding of Generals Jackson and A. P. Hill, as well as the death of Brig. Gen. Elisha F. Paxton. b. An article from the "Confederate Veteran" concerning the letter, dated February 1913, according to the donor letter. Written by George Wise, whose father knew Lee. The article includes a small image of the original letter, as well as a transcript.