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Name Bonham, Milledge Luke
Notes He was born in the Edgefield District of South Carolina on December 25, 1813. Bonham graduated from South Carolina College in 1834; afterwards he practiced law and served as Adjutant General of the South Carolina Militia. He married Ann Patience Griffin on November 13, 1845 and they had fourteen children together. In 1857 Bonham won election to U. S. House of Representatives to fill the unexpired seat (from SC) left vacant by Preston Brooks who had resigned his seat following his caning of Charles Sumner. After South Carolina seceded, Bonham was appointed Commander-in-Chief of state troops in the Charleston area, working with Gen. P. G. T. Beauregard. Bonham then received a commission as Brig. Gen. on April 23, 1861 to rank from same date and was transferred to Virginia. When his brigade was disbanded on July 14, 1861 he lost his commission; however, Jefferson Davis reappointed him as Brig. Gen. in October with seniority to date back to July 14. Bonham, in a dispute with Davis over seniority regarding his commission, resigned on January 29, 1862. He was elected to the Confederate House of Representatives and served on the House Ways and Means Committee. Bonham then won election as Governor of South Carolina and served from 1862 to December 1864. After his gubernatorial term was over, Bonham reentered Confederate military service as a Brig. Gen., to rank from February 9, 1865, in Johnston's Army of the Tennessee during the North Carolina Campaigns, where he surrendered with Johnston. After the war, Bonham resumed his law practice, served in the South Carolina legislature from 1865-1867, and served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention of 1868. Between 1868 and 1876, he practiced little politics, becoming involved in insurance companies in South Carolina and Georgia. Bonham was appointed State Railroad Commissioner in 1878 and retained the post of Chairman for the commission until he died on August 27, 1890 at Sulphur Springs, North Carolina. He was buried in Elmwood Cemetery in Columbia, South Carolina.

Associated Records

Letter - 1937.078.00001a-b

P. G. T. Beauregard to M. L. Bonham, November 13, 1871 Physical Appearance: November 13, 1871 - [Pierre] G[ustave] T[outant] Beauregard at 1750 Massachusetts, Washington, D. C., to Sir [former Brigadier General M. L. Bonham, then Governor of SC] - Beauregard requests that Bonham forward a copy of his report on the explosion at Petersburg. Signed by Beauregard. A calling card engraved with "Mr. Gustave Toutant Beauregard" is attached to the letter (1937.078.00001b)

List - FIC2015.00297

List: Governors of States Wholly Continued 14 names listed; some biographical information noted in colum 21" x 16" List is one of 5 ledger-sized sheets

Orders, Military - FIC2015.00423

Orders, handwritten; Special Orders No. [missing], October 17, 1861, Thomas Jordan, A.A.G. by Command of Gen. Beauregard to Captain Lay ; regarding outposts for Army; orders for Major Genl. Earl Van Dorn, Brigadier General Bonham, Major General Longstreet; 9 7/8" x 7 7/8"

SASH -

Sash of yellow silk mesh with large tassels on each end.

Image of Carte-de-Visite - Brigadier General Milledge Luke Bonham

Carte-de-Visite - Brigadier General Milledge Luke Bonham

cdv, bust portrait, from chest up, 3/4 pose facing left, looking right

Image of Print, Photographic - Poster: Composite of Confederate Generals

Print, Photographic - Poster: Composite of Confederate Generals

b/w composite of confederate statesmen and generals

Image of Carte-de-Visite - Milledge Luke Bonham

Carte-de-Visite - Milledge Luke Bonham

cdv, seated, from waist up, in uniform, right hand just visible holding hilt of sword, can see part of horn/trumpet in left hand, looking to right.

Image of Carte-de-Visite - Brigadier General Milledge Luke Bonham

Carte-de-Visite - Brigadier General Milledge Luke Bonham

cdv with applied color., seated in chair, in uniform, holding sword in left hand, holding slouch hat in right hand, 3/4 pose facing left, gilded epaulettes, buttons, sword, belt buckle and hat insignia.

Image of Carte-de-Visite - Brigadier General Milledge Luke Bonham

Carte-de-Visite - Brigadier General Milledge Luke Bonham

cdv, bust portrait, from shoulders up, 3/4 pose to left, looking to the right.

Image of Carte-de-Visite - Forty-Nine Officers of the C. S. Army and Navy

Carte-de-Visite - Forty-Nine Officers of the C. S. Army and Navy

cdv, 49 individual studio photograph, bust length, each numbered, number referenced on reverse side with name; most of the individuals pictured are in uniform.

Image of Carte-de-Visite - Generals of the C. S. Army Plate No. 1

Carte-de-Visite - Generals of the C. S. Army Plate No. 1

Cdv of oval portrait busts arranged in an oval pattern; subjects of each individual portrait is a man, many in uniform; each portrait is labeled with the name of the sitter; printedon obverse, "Generals of the C. S. Army; Photographe compiled by J. Vannerson, Richmond, Va.; Plate No. 1;" printed on reverse, "Vannerson, Photographic Artist, No. 77 Main St. Richmond, VA.;" affixed to reverse is a $.02 U.S. Internal Revinue tax stamp with George Washington's image;