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Object Name Letter
Catalog Number 1935.020.00034
Date 1863
Scope & Content Brigadier General Stephen Dill Lee to General Samuel Cooper, March 13, 1863

Physical Appearance: March 13, [18]63 - "Copy" - S[tephen] D[ill] Lee at H[ea]d Qu[arte]rs, 3rd Brigade Smith's Div[ision], Vicksburg, Miss[issippi], to General S[amuel] Cooper, Adj[utan]t & Inspec[tor] Gen[eral], C[onfederate] S[tates] A[rmy], Richmond, V[irgini]a - Requests the following officers be appointed Field Officers for the 23rd Regiment L[ousian]a Vol[unteers], of note 1st Lieut[enant] W[illia]m M[cKinney] Bridges to be Major, as the 23rd has not field officers. ". . . nor do I consider any of the senior officers competent for the positions. They are constantly disputing about their rank." (signed) S[tephen] D[ill] Lee, Brig[adier] Gen[era]l Com[man]d[in]g.
Creator Lee, Stephen Dill
Archival History The William McKinney Bridges Papers were formerly located in the MC 3 B-124a files. Separate items are located in other locations or collections: General Orders, No. 128 dated September 5, 1862, located in the Confederate Imprints Collection; letter of recommendation dated March 13, 1863, located in Confederate Military Leaders Collection (Stephen D. Lee); [n. d.], Receipt Roll No. 1 of clothing issued to men of Co. D, South Carolina Siege Train Artillery, located in MC 3 Oversize Box; map of Charleston Harbor, located in Map Collection; an appointment to 2nd Lt. dated April 25, 1861, located in the Certificate Collection; and muster roll of Bridges' Louisiana Battery, located in Muster Roll Drawer 1-11. The Museum also has in its object collections Bridges' sword and scabbard (0985.13.725-.725a), binoculars (0985.13.459-.459a), and spurs (0985.13.460a,b). William McKinney Bridges enlisted in New Orleans as a Sgt. in Co. B, 1st Special Bn. (Rightor's) Louisiana Infantry on April 15, 1861. He was discharged on April 21, 1861 upon receipt of a commission. He was commissioned as a 2nd Lt. of Artillery in service to the State of Louisiana on April 25, 1861 and assigned to Co. E, 1st Louisiana Artillery. He received seven days' leave of absence from December 29, 1861-January 5, 1862, after being promoted to 1st Lt. on December 28. The rolls show him being absent on detached service during January and February 1862. His name appears on a list of paroled officers, dated April 28,1862, captured at Forts Jackson and St. Philip. The parole from Fort Jackson shows him as ADC to Brig. Gen. Johnson K. Duncan. From October 1862 to Duncan's death in December 1862, Bridges was on detached service as Duncan's ADC and AAAG. Afterwards, Bridges served as AADC to Gen. Braxton Bragg for the remainder of December 1862 into January 1863. The rolls show him absent during January - February 1863, detached from his company to command the Ridge Battery. The rolls for March - April 1863 show him present and assigned for command of a separate battery. Bridges was captured and paroled at Vicksburg on July 4, 1863. He was in Parole Camp in Enterprise, Mississippi in October 1863. The rolls for November to December 1863 show him as being absent on detached service. On February 13, 1864, a group of Louisianans who had enlisted in three companies of the 18th South Carolina Heavy Artillery (Siege Train) was organized into a single battery (Co. D) at Charleston, South Carolina. Bridges was the company's captain. His battery participated in several engagements in the defense of Charleston in 1864. In February 1865, Co. D, [aka Bridges' Louisiana Battery of Artillery] was transferred to Gen. J. K. Jackson's command in Savannah, Georgia. Upon evacuation of Savannah, the battery went to Raleigh, North Carolina was re-equipped as a light artillery battery in March. In April, the battery fought as independent company in Hardee's Corps of the Army of Tennessee. Bridges and the battery surrendered with Hardee's command at Goldsboro, North Carolina on April 26, 1865.
People Bridges, William McKinney
Lee, Stephen Dill
Cooper, Samuel
Subjects Military leadership
Military personnel