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Object Name Letter
Catalog Number 1917.042.00114-129
Date 1877-1878
Scope & Content Beauregard Papers: Correspondence with William Preston Johnston, 1877-1878

Physical Appearance: This folder contains a series of correspondence between William Preston Johnston and Beauregard, as the former researches a biography of his father, General Albert Sidney Johnston. Other papers are copies of papers requested by Beauregard. [The book was released in 1878 and contained passages that Beauregard disputed.] The following list inventories these papers:

1917.042.00114) March 3,1877 - W[illiam] P[reston] Johnston, at Lexington, V[irgini]a, to Gen[era]l [Pierre] G[ustave] T[outant] Beauregard - A somewhat contentious letter regarding copies of papers that passed between Beauregard and Albert Sidney Johnston. Son Johnston incredulously asks if Beauregard claims to have originated the plan of battle for Shiloh.

1917.042.00115) March 9, 1877 - [Pierre] G[ustave] T[outant] Beauregard, at New Orleans, [Louisiana] to W[illiam] P[reston] Johnston - (letter book copy) - Says that most of his important papers and books are in the care of a friend in New York. Affirms that "he prepared the order of march & Battle" of Shiloh and submitted them to Generals Johnston and Bragg.

1917.042.00116) March 14, 1877 - W[illiam] P[reston] Johnston at Lexington, V[irgini]a, to Gen[era]l [Pierre] G[ustave] T[outant] Beauregard - Assures Beauregard that he is forwarding copies of papers as requested.

1917.042.00117) August 8, 1877 - W[illia]m Preston Johnston, at Lexington, V[irgini]a, to Gen[era]l [Pierre] G[ustave] T[outant] Beauregard - States that he cannot find any accounts of the action at New Madrid and Island No. 10, except for Federal ones. Asks if Beauregard can help.

1917.042.00118) October 15, 1877 - W[illia]m Preston Johnston at Lexington, V[irgini]a, to Gen[era]l [Pierre] G[ustave] T[outant] Beauregard, Hot Springs, Arkansas - Regrets that "Col[onel Thomas] Jordan's views and statements are so entirely at variance with the conclusions at which I have arrived . . ." and adds he hopes that they do not have Beauregard's sanction. (also a "Duplicate" of letter in the folder.)

1917.042.00119) February 1, 1862 - M[ansfield] Loving, Maj[or] Gen[era]l, C[onfederate] S[tates] A[rmy], at H[ea]d Q[uarte]rs, Dep[artmen]t No. 1, New Orleans, [Louisiana], to Gen[era]l A[lbert] S[idney] Johnston, com[man]d[in]g Dep[artmen]t No. 2 - Has ordered Captains Bains' and Gibson's light field batteries to report to Johnston for further orders at Nashville, Tenn[essee]. (Copy)

1917.042.00120a) February 8, 1862 - [Telegram] - R. L. Brodie, Surg[eon] P[rovisional] A[rmy] C[onfederate] S[tates], to Gen[era]l A[lbert] S[idney] Johnston, Commanding - States that Beauregard has been unwell all night with this throat and will not start this morning. Beauregard requests that Johnston countermand the order for the special trains. (Copy) b) February 14, 1862 - [Pierre] G[ustave] T[outant] Beauregard, Nashville, Tenn[essee], to General A[lbert] S[idney] Johnston, Com[man]d[e]r Western Dep[artmen]t - States that a Col[onel] Pryor that his regiment has been ordered to Norfolk and offered his services in Congress for anything that may be required. Mentions that he will be leaving on the 7 P.M. train for Decatur and Corinth. (Copy) c) February 12, 1862 - M[ansfield] Lovell, Maj[or] Gen[era]l, com[man]d[in]g, H[ea]d Q[uarte]rs Dep[artmen]t No. 1, New Orleans, [Louisiana], to Gen[era]l A[lbert] S[idney] Johnston - Requests that his brigade be stationed at Corinth, Miss[issippi], as central to Mobile, New Orleans, Bowling Green, Columbus, and Memphis. (Copy) d) February 12, 1862 - [Pierre] G[ustave] T[outant] Beauregard, Gen[era]l, C[onfederate] S[tates] A[rmy], at Bowling Green, K[entuck]y, to General A[lbert] S[idney] Johnston, Com[man]d[in]g Western Dep[artmen]t, Bowling Green, K[entuck]y - Discusses various options that the Federal army has, after taking over Fort Henry and "having possession of the Tennesee River." Discusses viability of holding on to New Madrid, Island No. 10, Columbus (GA), and different railroads. (Copy)

1917.042.00121) February 18, 1862 - A[lbert] S[idney] Johnston, Gen[era]l, C[onfederate] S[tates] A[rmy], at Head Q[uarte]rs West[er]n Department, Nashville, [Tennessee], to Hon[orable] J[udah] P. Benjamin, Sec[retary] of War, Richmond, V[irgini]a - Reports on his army's evacuation of Bowling Green, Kentucky on February 14 and its present encampment midway between Murfreesboro and Nashville. Plans to retire the army between the Cumberland and Tennessee [Rivers] and when, reinforced sufficiently, hopes to drive the enemy back. This movement planned in anticipation of the fall of Fort Donelson. Gives an account of the fall of Fort Donelson. (Copy)

1917.042.00122) March 2, 1862 - [Pierre] G[ustave] T[outant] Beauregard at Jackson, Tenn[essee], to Gen[era]l A[lbert] S[idney] Johnston, Stevenson, Ala[bama] - Sends a copy of a newspaper clipping "showing the intended movements of the enemy, no doubt against the troops in Western Tenn[essee]." Suggests that Johnston move his troops to Corinth, [Mississippi] "as soon as practicable" (Copy); also a handwritten copy of the clipping, "Departure of an Immense Fleet of Steamers Pressed into the Service - Movement of Troops - Seventeen Hundred Mules Shipped to Louisville, etc. / From the Cincinnati Enquirer . . ."

1917.042.00123) March 17, 1862 - [Pierre] G[ustave] T[outant] Beauregard, at Jackson, Tenn[essee], to Maj[or] Gen[era]l [Braxton] Bragg, "for the information of Gen[era]l A[lbert] S[idney] Johnston," - Beauregard gives his strategic views of the situation and advice on handling the forces, etc. in five pages. (Copy)

1917.042.00124) April 8, 1862 - Charles Clark, Brig[adier] Gen[era]l, Com[man]d[in]g 1st Div[ision] (consisting of Russell's & Stewart's brigades), 1st Corps (Polk's), Army of the Mississippi, at H[ead] Q[uarte]rs, to Maj[or] George Williamson, Ass[istan]t Adj[utan]t Gen[era]l, 1st Corps, Army of the Mississippi - Report on the Battle of Shiloh, 4pp. (Copy)

1917.042.00125) April 12, 1862 - Alex[ander] P. Stewart, Brig[adier] General, C[onfederate] S[tates] A[rmy] at Head Quarters, 1st Div[ision] (Charles Clark's), 1st Corps (Polk's), Army of the Mississippi, to Maj[or] George Williamson, Ass[istan]t Adj[utan]t Gen[era]l - "Report of Brig[adier] Gen[era]l A[lexander] P. Stewart, Com[man]d[in]g 2nd Brig[ade], 1st Div[ision], 1st Corps" on the Battle of Shiloh, 7 pp. (Copy)

1917.042.00126) May 24, 1862 - P[atrick] R[onayne] Cleburne, Brig[adier] Gen[era]l at H[ea]d Q[uarte]rs, 2nd Brig[ade], Hardee's Division, to T. B. Roy, Ass[istan]t Adj[utan]t Gen[era]l, 3rd Army Corps - "Report of Brig[adier] Gen[era]l P[atrick] R[onayne] Cleburne, Commanding 2nd Brig[ade], 3rd Corps" on the Battle of Shiloh, 9 pp. (Copy)

1917.042.00127) September 1878 - "Special Notes" of William Preston Johnston in "reference to . . . 'Life of Gen[era]l A[lbert] S[idney] Johnston' from p. 506 to p. 519" (Copy)

1917.042.00128) [n. d., ca. April 30, 1862] - [Newspaper clipping, unidentified Knoxville, Tennessee paper] - "Gen[era]l [Benjamin Franklin] Cheatham's Official Report of the Battle of Shiloh."

1917.042.00129) [n. d.] - [Magazine clipping, unidentified magazine] - Illustration, "Battle of Chattanooga, Tenn[essee]. Charge Near Orchard Knob, November 24, 1863." / "From an original painting, copyrighted fy Kurz & Allison, Chicago, Ill[inois]."
Archival History These documents from 1877-1878 were formerly listed as part of the Charles McCormick Reeve Papers. The P. G. T. Beauregard Collection contains correspondence and ephemera of Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard (1818-1893), held in the Eleanor S. Brockenbrough Library. The collection is evenly divided between wartime holdings, April 1861-April 1865, and postwar correspondence. Materials range through various theatres of the war under Beauregard's command. Of note are forty-three (43) items running June 1861-April 1865 (formerly known as the C. McC. Reeve Papers), including a letter of May 1864 to General D. H. Hill regarding decisions of President Jefferson Davis, and a report from a staff officer noting the deteriorating situation in Georgia and South Carolina in March 1865. Postwar correspondence involving D. H. Hill, Jubal Early, and William Preston Johnston is primarily devoted to arguing about the memoirs of leading Confederates and writing his own history of the war. See also: Department of South Carolina and Georgia Collection, Prints & Sketches Collection, and Book Collection-Autobiography/Biography. The "William J. Marrin Papers" are letters sent to Beauregard by the former, October 1865-June 1886, during Marrin's aborted attempt to write a biography of the general. The correspondence of William J. Marrin comprises sixty-three (63) letters. Marrin, a New York lawyer and good friend of Beauregard's former Chief-of-Staff, Thomas Jordan, intended to write a biography of General Beauregard. The correspondence deals exclusively with Marrin's preparation, which in the end, came to nothing. Beauregard watched in horror as other Confederate leaders produced their own memoirs, mot of which put themselves in the best possible light and, Beauregard felt, slighted him. Joseph E. Johnston's "Narrative of Military Operations," published in 1874, reduced Beauregard's role at First Manassas. A biography of Albert Sidney Johnston, by his son William Preston Johnston, appeared in 1878 and gave credit for the Shiloh plan of battle to Johnston--not Beauregard. The final straw was former President Jefferson Davis' release of his "Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government" in 1881, that was critical of General Beauregard. The latter decided to refute them all and co-authored "Military Operations of General Beauregard" with Alfred Roman, published in 1884. Charles McCormick Reeve (1847-1947) was a Spanish-American War general. Schooled in the North, Reeve lived in Minnesota after the war, but as a collector-with Virginia antecedents-he kept in touch with General and Mrs. William Ruffin Cox of Richmond, Virginia, she being Vice-Regent of the South Carolina Room of the Confederate Museum. In 1917 he donated to the museum materials that comprise much of the "Beauregard Collection" and the entirety of the "William J. Marrin Papers."
People Beauregard, Pierre Gustave Toutant (P. G. T.)
Johnston, William Preston
Johnston, Albert Sidney